The Great Sphinx of Giza stands guard at the entrance to the Valley of Kings in Egypt. This massive limestone sculpture is believed to have been constructed around 2500 BC and is believed to represent Pharaoh Khafre or his father, Pharaoh Khufu. The monument measures 66 feet high by 240 feet long and its face is said to be a representation of either Khafre or his god, Horus. Its body is also believed to be a representation of a lion, which was an important symbol in Ancient Egypt. It is one of the most famous monuments in the world and its mystery has captivated people for centuries.
Stonehenge might just be one of England’s most iconic landmarks – if not one of Europe’s best known ancient sites – but unlike other monuments on this list, nobody really knows why it was built or what purpose it served thousands years ago when it was first erected by Neolithic man. What we do know however is that Stonehenge consists mainly out of large sarsen stones arranged together in an almost perfect circle formation with smaller bluestones placed inside it; with many speculating that it could have served as an astronomical observatory or even a temple devoted to Pagan gods thousands years ago when human life was still relatively primitive compared to now.